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Back Injuries

PhysioRoom can help

The mid and lower back (spine) contains 12 thoracic and 5 lumbar vertebrae, a very strong set of joints which are surrounded by powerful muscles. It is designed to allow for movement whilst also providing protection to your vital organs. The back can become injured due to a sudden trauma, such as a fall, or by repetitive overload. Mechanical back pain, which is either or a muscular strain or joint stiffness, is also common. Injuries in the back can happen slowly over time due to a lack of general physical activity, or a lack of strength and conditioning to do certain tasks. These sort of injuries are often minor and can be managed using the principles of POLICE under the guidance of a physiotherapist. Occasionally injuries can be more severe and need medical management. We advise that you seek a medical opinion if you have sustained any sort of traumatic injury (see the red flags section) or if you have any sudden changes in controlling your bladder and bowel control or lose leg coordination. The best available evidence shows that the best non-traumatic injury prevention and management strategies are to increase your physical activity and strength. Posture is thought to pay less of a role in back injury management than the strength and conditioning of your back and body in general. The key to management is regular activity/exercise and regular changes of position.

Back Injury Products

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Back Injuries Table

This table shows some of the key symptoms of the most common back injuries. We strongly advise that you see a healthcare professional rather than attempt to self-diagnose.

The information pages about each condition should help to explain the injury you have and signpost how it can be appropriately managed. Remember that wear and tear (degeneration) in your back is a normal part of ageing. Often, people with large amounts of wear and tear on scans have no symptoms and are fully-functioning. Avoiding moving your back and general physical activity will not help; it will just make your muscles tighter and weaker, back stiffer and pain worse. Pain-free clicking is nothing to worry about as it is either tight tendons and ligaments flicking over the joints, or the release of nitrogen gas bubbles from your joints (cavitation). If there are high levels of pain with the clicking then seek a medical assessment.

This information is not intended to replace the advice of a trained medical doctor or physiotherapist. PhysioRoom disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information, which is provided to you on a general information basis only and not as a substitute for personalised medical advice.
Condition Common Signs & Symptoms
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
Facet Syndrome      
Herniated Disc    
Sacro Iliac Joint Dysfunction
Note: This is classed as a Pelvis Injury
   
Sciatica      
Side Strain        
Spinal Stenosis    
Spondylolysis        
Facet Syndrome
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
     
Herniated Disc
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
   
Sacro Iliac Joint Dysfunction
Note: This is classed as a Pelvis Injury
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
   
Sciatica
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
     
Side Strain
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
       
Spinal Stenosis
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
   
Spondylolysis
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
       

Expert Back Injury Treatment

Sitting Posture

Avoid Back Pain at the Computer

Senior Physiotherapist T J Salih explains how to avoid back pain when sitting at a computer.

Injury Expert T J Salih

Spondylolysthesis & Pregnancy

Find out how this back condition can cause complications during pregnancy and what you can do.

Expert John Orchard

Hamstring Pain & Back Problems

Dr John Orchard explains how symptoms felt in the Hamstring can be caused by problems in the back.

Common Back Injuries

Back Pain

Sciatica Explained

We explain this painful back injury and what you can do to treat and prevent Sciatica.

Slipped Disc

Herniated Disc Treatment

Read our guide to the prevention and treatment of a Herniated Disc, also known as a Slipped Disc.

Core Strength Exercise

Core Strengthening Exercises

Follow our guide to learn these effective back injury prevention exercises & develop body strength.