Basket total £ 0.00
  • product added £ 0.00
checkout

Plantar Fasciitis Explained

Anatomy of plantar facitis injuryPlantar Fasciitis is a common foot condition that causes heel pain and pain in the sole of the foot. Plantar Fasciitis is inflammation of the Plantar Fascia, a fibrous sheath that runs most of the length of the sole of the foot. It attaches between the heel bone and the bones at the base of the toes, covering the small muscles in the sole of the foot. During walking and running, as you 'toe-off', the Plantar Fascia becomes taut and helps the foot act as a lever to push off with force. It is one of the primary stabilising structures of the arch on the inner side of the foot..

Inflammation of the Plantar Fascia usually occurs at the point where it attaches to the heel bone. Plantar Fasciitis is reasonably common in older individuals, where the movement in the joints of the foot has become restricted and strain on the Plantar Fascia is increased. It may also occur in individuals who do a lot of standing, walking or sporting activities, usually as a result of overuse. It tends to be more common in females and in people who are overweight.

Plantar Fasciitis Signs & Symptoms

Plantar Fasciitis produces foot pain over the inside of the heel and this usually radiates down the inside of the sole of the foot. This foot pain usually occurs with activity and is also typically present in the morning when taking the first steps of the day.

Plantar Fasciitis can be diagnosed by a doctor or physiotherapist, if pain is present on touching the affected area, and/or on stretching the Plantar Fascia (by pulling the toes up). The diagnosis of Plantar Fasciitis can be confirmed on an Ultrasound scan, when the fascia has a thickened appearance. In a small number of cases of heel pain, that fails to respond to normal treatment, it may be necessary to get an x-ray to rule out other conditions such as a bony spur on the heel bone or a fracture of the heel bone.

Plantar Fasciitis Treatment

Plantar Fasciitis is inflammatory in nature and the key to successful treatment is to determine what is causing the inflammation and address this problem. In most sporting individuals the cause is overuse and the most important advice is to allow adequate rest, to take the strain off the Plantar Fascia and allow the affected tissues time to heal. The Aircast AirHeel can be very effective in the treatment of Plantar Fasciitis. The AirHeel reduces strain on the Plantar Fascia and applies pulsating compression with every step to help reduce swelling and discomfort, and enhance circulation.

In some cases of Plantar Fasciitis there may be a problem with the biomechanics of the foot, contributing to the problem. The usual findings are a foot that 'over pronates', where the inner arch of the foot rolls over too much during walking and running. This can lead to tightness in the Achilles tendon and recent research has suggested that a tight Achilles tendon can increase strain on the Plantar Fascia. An insole that supports the inner arch of the foot can help to remedy this.

Conservative treatment, such as physiotherapy, aims to reduce local inflammation and address any biomechanical problems. While the Plantar Fascia is still painful it may be treated with Ice Packs (never apply ice directly to the skin) and anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed by a doctor. Once the pain has subsided, stretching the Plantar Fascia (by pulling the toes towards the shin) is effective in encouraging the tissue to regain its normal alignment.

Stretching the Plantar Fascia (by pulling the toes towards the shin) is effective in encouraging the tissue to regain its normal alignment. This helps the healing process and can relieve the symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis. Prolonged stretching of the Plantar Fascia can be achieved using a Night Splint which is worn during sleep. Research indicates that night splinting can significantly reduce Plantar Fasciitis symptoms in over 80% of cases - particularly pain on the first few steps after waking up each morning.

Stiff joints around the foot and ankle can be treated using mobilisation, where the physiotherapist gently moves the joints manually to remove the stiffness and restore the normal range of movement. Conversely, there may be excessive 'pronation' and an insole that supports the inner arch of the foot may be helpful in alleviating strain on the Plantar Fascia.

Taping has been shown to be an effective treatment for Plantar Fasciitis. The tape supports the Plantar Fascia and removes some of the strain that can aggravate the condition. In circumstances where a physiotherapist is not always available to apply the tape job, then the Air Heel is an easy to apply alternative that can effectively relieve the pain from Plantar Fasciitis. It works on the same principle as the taping technique to relieve strain on the Achilles tendon and Plantar Fascia.

Plantar Fasciitis settles with conservative treatment in 95% of cases. However, in severe cases where heel pain is affecting normal walking then an injection with a mixture of corticosteroid and local anaesthetic can be helpful. Following this injection, the patient is required to rest for a few days, then normal activities can be resumed gradually.

In persistent cases of Plantar Fasciitis, that fail to respond to 6 months of conservative treatment, then surgery can be considered. In the past, surgical techniques have included removal of bony spurs from the heel bone and release of the Plantar Fascia from the heel bone itself, but the results were inconsistent. These invasive surgeries often caused later problems such as nerve damage and changes to the mechanics of the foot.

A modern treatment approach for Plantar Fasciitis is an ultrasound guided needle fasciotomy. This is a minimally invasive procedure where a needle is inserted into the Plantar Fascia and moved back and forwards to disrupt the fibrous tissue that proliferates as a result of the chronic inflammation. Because a needle is used instead of a scalpel, and because the whole procedure is observed using an ultrasound scanner, then there is far less danger of surgical complications. By disrupting the tight fibrous tissue the strain on the Plantar Fascia is relieved and healing can take place.

Plantar Fasciitis Prevention

Inadequate footwear is often implicated in Plantar Fasciitis. Shoes should provide adequate support for the foot. Unsuitable footwear can increase strain of the Plantar Fascia and lead to the development of inflammation.

Insoles that support the arch on the inner side of the foot can be helpful for limiting excessive pronation and relieving stress on the Plantar Fascia and Achilles tendon.

PhysioRoom.com Elite Knitted Snug Series Ankle Support

£19.99 inc VAT

The Snug ankle support supplied with left and right foot gel pads has been specially designed to help provide equal compression and stable support to weak or injured ankles and prevents overuse of the ankle and retrogression of the ankle joint.
More Details

PhysioRoom.com Elite Knitted Snug Series Ankle Support has a rating of 5.0 stars from 32 reviews (32 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Ultimate Performance Ultimate Arch Support with 3 Pads

Save £5.78 (33%)
£11.62 inc VAT

Plantar fascitiis pain is easily relieved by using this clever yet simple to use arch support.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

ProCare Dorsiwedge Night Splint

£25.29 inc VAT RRP £31.99 Save £6.70

A soft padded night splint for prolonged plantar fascia stretch, for treatment of plantar fasciitis.
More Details

ProCare Dorsiwedge Night Splint has a rating of 4.5 stars from 19 reviews (19 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Aircast Airheel with DNS Care Kit

Save £28.17 (35%)
£51.82 inc VAT

The Aircast Airheel has been designed to help relieve the associated symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis, Achilles Tendonitis and heel pain throughout the day.
More Details

Selected options in stock

Quantity

Ultimate Performance Ultimate Compression Elastic Arch Support

£16.68 inc VAT


More Details

Ultimate Performance Ultimate Compression Elastic Arch Support has a rating of 3.0 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Ultimate Performance Plantar Fasciitis Sock

£33.48 inc VAT

The plantar fasciitis sock from Ultimate Performance is a knee high sock that's been designed to be worn overnight to reduce and relieve the effects of plantar fasciitis. Providing a comfortable fit that won't affect sleep, this sock can also be used to reduce the symptoms of, as well as in conjunction with other remedies for Achilles tendonitis.
More Details

Ultimate Performance Plantar Fasciitis Sock has a rating of 3.5 stars from 4 reviews (4 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Enertor Comfort Heel Cups

£14.99 inc VAT

The Comfort heel cups are ideal for when you are wearing a leather shoe or find that your heel is suffering on impact, they stick to the shoe to prevent movement when walking and can be transferred to other shoes as and when required.
More Details

Selected options in stock

Quantity

Enertor Comfort 3/4 Length Insoles

£19.99 inc VAT

The Comfort 3/4 length insoles by Enertor are perfect for everyday use in tighter fitting shoes where additional material in the toe box becomes too tight. Each insole sticks to the shoe and can easily be removed and transferred to another pair of shoes.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

Enertor Performance Insoles

£29.99 inc VAT

The Performance insoles by Enertor are designed by leading Podiatrists and made with D3O impact protection technology. This patented smart material cushions the foot when moved slowly, but on impact the material locks together to absorb and disperse energy before instantly returning to its flexible state.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

Enertor Comfort Full Length Insoles

£24.99 inc VAT

The Enertor Comfort full length insoles are perfect for everyday use in tighter fitting shoes where additional material in the toe box becomes too tight. Each insole sticks to the shoe and can easily be removed and transferred to another pair of shoes.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom.com Instant Ice Pack

From £0.69 inc VAT     1+ £2.99 each
    6+ £1.99 each (Save 33%)
  12+ £1.49 each (Save 50%)
  24+ £0.99 each (Save 67%)
  50+ £0.69 each (Save 77%)

A mouldable pack that becomes an instant, single use ice pack, without the need for refrigeration.
More Details

PhysioRoom.com Instant Ice Pack has a rating of 5.0 stars from 21 reviews (21 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Physicool Cooling Bandage (10cm x 2m) - Ideal for wrists, ankles, elbows

£6.59 inc VAT RRP £9.99 Save £3.40

Physicool is an innovative and uniquely designed reusable strapping that combines the healing characteristics of cold therapy with the support qualities of a compression bandage. Differing from the more traditional treatments currently available, Physicool works by drawing heat away from the body to provide an instant long-lasting cooling effect which can be utilised for extended periods.
More Details

Physicool Cooling Bandage (10cm x 2m) - Ideal for wrists, ankles, elbows has a rating of 5.0 stars from 7 reviews (7 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Physicool Cooling Bandage (12cm x 3m) - Ideal for thighs, legs, shoulders, elbows

£8.89 inc VAT RRP £12.99 Save £4.10

Physicool is a new and unique way to instantly apply cold therapy whilst on the move, this portable and reusable compression bandage is applied quickly and easily allowing the healing process to begin immediately. By taking heat away from the body Pysicool have developed a product which differs from move traditional methods meaning it can be used for longer periods.
More Details

Physicool Cooling Bandage (12cm x 3m) - Ideal for thighs, legs, shoulders, elbows has a rating of 5.0 stars from 13 reviews (13 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Noene 4mm Shock Absorbing Heel Pads

£15.79 inc VAT RRP £16.99 Save £1.20

Durable 4mm shock absorbing heel pads, with excellent 36 month life expectancy. Designed to wear under existing insole.
More Details

Noene 4mm Shock Absorbing Heel Pads has a rating of 4.5 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Mueller Arch Support

£13.42 inc VAT

An arch support designed to relieve foot pain caused by plantar fasciitis.
More Details

Mueller Arch Support has a rating of 4.0 stars from 7 reviews (7 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Spenco Ironman Performance Gel Heel Cushions

£7.89 inc VAT RRP £9.99 Save £2.10

The Ironman performance gel heel cushions have been specifically designed to disperse the impact at heel strike ensuring that running and jumping is more comfortable.
More Details

Spenco Ironman Performance Gel Heel Cushions has a rating of 5.0 stars from 20 reviews (20 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Spenco Ironman Performance Gel Heel Cup ( 2 sizes )

£10.59 inc VAT RRP £10.99 Save £0.40


More Details

Spenco Ironman Performance Gel Heel Cup ( 2 sizes ) has a rating of 4.0 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Spenco RX Heel Cushions

£7.19 inc VAT RRP £9.99 Save £2.80


More Details

Spenco RX Heel Cushions has a rating of 3.0 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom.com EVA 3/4 Length Insoles

£2.99 inc VAT

The EVA 3/4 length insoles provide firm arch support, and have been specifically designed for flat, low or fallen arches.
More Details

PhysioRoom.com EVA 3/4 Length Insoles has a rating of 5.0 stars from 6 reviews (6 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom.com Gel Heel Cup Pair

£2.99 inc VAT RRP £4.99 Save £2.00

Featuring a dual layer construction and shock absorbing properties, these durable heel cups provide superior support and all-day comfort for your feet.
More Details

PhysioRoom.com Gel Heel Cup Pair has a rating of 5.0 stars from 27 reviews (27 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Sorbo RX Blue Heel Pad

£4.49 inc VAT RRP £6.99 Save £2.50

The Sorbo RX Blue Heel pad combines a 100% Gel and Poron cover to provide optimum comfort and support for those who experience regular heel pain. The RX is simply placed into the shoe around the section of the heel and can be work during daily activity or exercise. PhysioRoom.com is the exclusive seller of the Sorbo RX range in the EU.
More Details

Sorbo RX Blue Heel Pad has a rating of 5.0 stars from 1 reviews (1 review)

In Stock

Quantity

Mueller Standard Pro Heel Cups

Save £5.89 (37%)
£10.10 inc VAT


More Details

Selected options in stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom.com Plantar Fasciitis Night Splint

£37.99 inc VAT

Night splint for prolonged stretch of the Plantar Fascia (PF) for the treatment of Plantar Fasciitis and Achilles Tendonitis.
More Details

PhysioRoom.com Plantar Fasciitis Night Splint has a rating of 4.5 stars from 54 reviews (54 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom.com Taping Starter Kit

£19.99 inc VAT

Perfect for all taping and strapping techniques. This Taping Starter Kit includes 6 rolls of 4 varieties of tape to provide you with everything you need to tape any joint professionally.
More Details

PhysioRoom.com Taping Starter Kit has a rating of 5.0 stars from 5 reviews (5 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Aircast Plantar Fasciitis AirHeel

£42.99 inc VAT RRP £56.99 Save £14.00

Fantastic! Our best selling heel support for heel pain and Plantar Fasciitis. Lightweight and comfortable with two AirCells for heel pain relief.
More Details

Aircast Plantar Fasciitis AirHeel has a rating of 4.5 stars from 23 reviews (23 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Aircast Ankle Cryo/Cuff with Cooler

£99.99 inc VAT RRP £147.99 Save £48.00

Ultimate ankle ice therapy; provides 6 hours continuous cold and compression to minimise bleeding, swelling and pain.
More Details

Aircast Ankle Cryo/Cuff with Cooler has a rating of 5.0 stars from 1 reviews (1 review)

In Stock

Quantity

Mueller Pro Heel Cups

£15.39 inc VAT RRP £19.99 Save £4.60

Ultra soft, high quality heel cups - provide the ultimate in shock absorption and also stabilise the heel.
More Details

Mueller Pro Heel Cups has a rating of 5.0 stars from 6 reviews (6 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity


Ankle & Foot Injuries