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Calf & Shin Injuries

PhysioRoom can help

The muscles surrounding the calf and shin are powerful and help to propel the body forward during running and walking. The muscles of the calf and shin as well as the shin itself are prone to overuse injuries such as shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) and Achilles tendinopathy. These sort of injuries are often minor and can be managed using the principles of POLICE under the guidance of a physiotherapist. Occasionally more severe trauma can occur in the form of fractures or an Achilles tendon rupture. If you have had a traumatic injury and are unable to weight bare, you must seek an urgent medical assessment. For non-traumatic injuries management involves a combination of strengthening and progressive loading using the principles of POLICE under the guidance of a physiotherapist.

Calf & Shin Injury Products

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Calf & Shin Injuries Table

This table shows some the key symptoms of the most common calf and shin injuries. We strongly advise that you see healthcare professional rather than attempt to self-diagnose.

The information pages about each condition, should help to explain the injury that you have and signpost you to how it can be appropriately managed. Remember that wear and tear (degeneration) in your calf and shin is a normal part of ageing. Avoiding moving your calf and shin and avoiding general physical activity will not help, but the principles of police may need to be adopted. Pain free clicking is nothing to worry about as it is either tight tendons and ligaments flicking over the joints, or the release of nitrogen gas bubbles from your joints (cavitation). Clicking / cracking with a high level of pain may be a sign of a fracture and needs urgent medical assessment.

This information is not intended to replace the advice of a trained medical doctor or physiotherapist. PhysioRoom disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information, which is provided to you on a general information basis only and not as a substitute for personalised medical advice.
Condition Common Signs & Symptoms
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
Achilles Paratendinopathy    
Achilles Tendinopathy    
Broken Leg    
Calf Muscle Strain        
Compartment Syndrome        
Osgood Schlatters Note: This is classed as a Knee Injury      
Shin Splints        
Tibialis Posterior Pain Note: This is classed as a Foot Injury    
Achilles Paratendinopathy
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
   
Achilles Tendinopathy
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
   
Broken Leg
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
   
Calf Muscle Strain
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
       
Compartment Syndrome
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
       
Osgood Schlatters Note: This is classed as a Knee Injury
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
     
Shin Splints
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
       
Tibialis Posterior Pain Note: This is classed as a Foot Injury
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
   

Expert Calf Injury Treatment

Injury Expert nicola Maffulli

Achilles Tendonitis Treatment

Nicola Maffulli, a Professor of Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, explains treatment to overcome this condition.

Expert John Orchard

Sciatica as a Cause of Calf Pain

Dr John Orchard explains how a back problem can commonly cause calf pain.

Expert Marc Bernier

Calf Strain Rehabilitation

Injury Expert Marc Bernier explains exercises for the calf muscles and when to return to sport.

Common Calf & Shin Injuries

Leg Exercise

Broken Leg Rehabilitation

A practical guide to strengthening exercises following a broken leg injury.

Shin Pain

Shin Pain & Shin Splints

Treatment & prevention information for Shin Splints, a common term for shin pain during running.

Tib Post

Tib Post Syndrome

Tibialis Posterior pain is a condition that can lead to Acquired Flat Foot and foot pain in later life.

 

Injury Research

Achilles Tendon Anatomy

Achilles Tendon Rehabilitation

Research investigating eccentric training in patients with chronic Achilles Tendinosis.

 

Injury Case Study

Freddie Ljunberg

Freddie Ljunberg's Calf Injury

A look at Freddie Ljunberg's calf injury and practical information for your own calf injury.