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Arm & Elbow Injuries

PhysioRoom can help

The elbow is a strong and stable joint, which consists of 3 articulations: the proximal radioulnar joint, the humeroradial, and the humeroulnar joint. This allows the elbow joint to be stable and to have a wide range of movement, in multiple planes. The elbow is supported by the muscles of the forearm and upper arm. The most common injuries of the elbow / arm are tendinopathies, muscle strains and ligament sprains. These injuries are often due to repetitive overloading activities, without adequate arm strength. These sort of injuries are often minor and can be managed using the principles of POLICE under the guidance of a physiotherapist. Occasionally more severe trauma can occur in the form of fractures or complete tendon ruptures. If you experience a trauma, have a visible deformity and/or limited joint range of motion please seek an urgent medical review. The best available evidence shows that progressively loading (strengthening) the muscles that surround the elbow using the principles of POLICE under the guidance of a Physiotherapist is advantageous in the management of non-traumatic injuries.

Arm & Elbow Products

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Arm & Elbow Injuries Table

This table shows some of the key symptoms of the most common arm/elbow injuries. We strongly advise that you see a healthcare professional rather than attempt to self-diagnose.

The information pages about each condition should help to explain the injury you have and signpost how it can be appropriately managed. Remember that wear and tear (degeneration) in your elbow is a normal part of ageing. Often, people with large amounts of wear and tear on scans have no symptoms and are fully functioning. Avoiding moving your arm and general physical activity will not help. It is however advisable to manage your condition using the POLICE principle under the guidance of a physiotherapist. Pain-free clicking is nothing to worry about, as it is either tight tendons and ligaments flicking over the joints, or the release of nitrogen gas bubbles from your joints (cavitation). If there are high levels of pain with the clicking, elbow instability or deformity then seek a medical assessment.

This information is not intended to replace the advice of a trained medical doctor or physiotherapist. PhysioRoom disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information, which is provided to you on a general information basis only and not as a substitute for personalised medical advice.
Condition Common Signs & Symptoms
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
Elbow Arthritis  
Golfer's Elbow      
Proximal Humeral Fracture  
Tennis Elbow      
Elbow Arthritis
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
Golfer's Elbow
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
Proximal Humeral Fracture
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking
Tennis Elbow
Pain Swelling Stiffness Weakness Instability Locking

Expert Arm & Elbow Treatment

Anti-Inflammatory Tablets

Anti-Inflammatory Medication

NSAIDs are often used to reduce pain, heat, swelling & redness associated with inflammation.

Injury Expert nicola Maffulli

Treatment for Tendonitis

Nicola Maffulli, a Professor of Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, explains treatment for Tendinopathies.

Elbow Rehab

Elbow Strengthening Exercises

Read our guide to strengthening exercises for the successful rehabilitation of Tennis Elbow.

Common Arm & Elbow Injuries

Tennis Elbow

Tennis Elbow Explained

Read our guide to the prevention and treatment of Tennis Elbow injuries.

Slipped Disc

Neck Problems & Elbow Pain

A slipped disc in the neck (also known as a disc proplapse) can cause elbow pain.


Guide to Golfer's Elbow

Golfers Elbow is characterised by inner elbow pain, which can radiate down the forearm.