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1. Work rate >
2. Individualised training >
3. Team training - the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test >
4. Periodisation
5. In conclusion >
6. References >

One practice that is already established in association football is periodisation. Periodisation was first described in the literature by Mateyev (1972). This technique involves dividing training periods of up to a year (the macroycle) into smaller periods (mesocycles) which are divided further into microcycles. This approach is designed to prevent overtraining and result in a peak in performance at the time of competition (Wathan, 1994). Within association football the macrocylce lasts between July of one year to the following May. This is divided into two major mesocycles. The first is a rebuilding mesocycle from July to August known as pre-season training and is designed to prepare the players for the physical demands of the season. The second mesocycle is the in-season competition phase, where the emphasis is on maintenance of fitness levels. This mesocycle is sub-divided into microcycles that comprise of the week long periods in between matches. Typically these comprise of:

  • Monday - small sided game
  • Tuesday - aerobic training session
  • Wednesday - REST
  • Thursday -technical tactical session / anaerobic speed endurance
  • Friday - small sided game / tactical session
  • Saturday - Match
  • Sunday - recovery session

However, some weeks, due to mid-week matches, it is not possible to stick to this routine and more rest days are given to recuperate from the exertion of the match. Although there is much empirical evidence of the benefits of periodisation it is an area that needs considerably more research (McCardle Katch nd Katch (1996).

In conclusion >