The Medial Collateral Ligament is the knee ligament that is located on the inner side of the knee joint. It links the thigh bone and the shin bone. A knee ligament injury is referred to as a sprain, and this knee injury can occur if the knee is twisted or subject to force from an opponent during sport.
Severe Medial Collateral Ligament injuries should be checked by a knee specialist to check if knee surgery is required. In more moderate knee ligament injuries, a Knee Brace can be helpful by taking the strain off the injured ligament.
In the early stage of the injury the PRICE protocol should be followed - Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Ice Packs applied for 20 minutes every 2 hours can aid pain relief and help to prevent more tissue damage by cooling the tissues (never apply ice directly to the skin as it can cause an ice burn).
Common MCL Knee Ligament injury signs & symptoms: