Item added to basket

product name

FREE DELIVERY ON ORDERS OVER £60*
100% SECURE SHOPPING
Credit Cards
Trustpilot
EXCELLENT REVIEWS
Basket total £ 0.00
  • product added £ 0.00
checkout

Jumpers Knee Explained

Jumper's Knee is the common term for Patella Tendonitis. Typically knee pain comes on gradually if running, jumping and landing activities are practised excessively, because the strain on the Patella Tendon becomes too great and microscopic damage develops in the tissue that makes up the tendon. Patella Tendinopathy is usually characterised by degeneration of the tendon, whereas Patella Tendonitis is characterised by inflammation of the Patella Tendon, the latter of which is much less frequent.

The Patellar Tendon is located just below the knee cap (Patella) and is approximately two finger-breadths wide. The tendon is where the Quadriceps (thigh) muscles at the front of the thigh converge and attach to the shin bone. The function of the Patellar Tendon is to transfer the force of the Quadriceps muscles, the contraction of which results in the extension (straightening) of the knee. The Quadriceps muscles are involved in most activities during football, including running and kicking the ball. They are responsible for producing a lot of power and explosion for these movements.

The greatest amount of stress is put through the Patella Tendon during jumping and, just as importantly, during landing, as the quadriceps have to contract eccentrically (lengthen) to absorb shock and control the land positon. During jumping, a player develops an explosive spring by forceful contraction of the Quadriceps muscles, which straighten the knees. Together with the Calf muscles, the Quadriceps push the player up into the air. As the player lands, the Quadriceps help to control the landing by allowing a small amount of knee bending to take place.

If this type of activity is practised a lot, the strain on the Patella Tendon becomes too great and there is microscopic damage to the tissue that makes up the tendon. The medical term for this is Patella Tendinopathy. At first, this damage may be too small to cause the player any problems but, if the player continues to over-do jumping activities, the damage will become progressively worse.

Anatomy of patella tendonitisx-ray of patella tendonitis

Patella tendinopathy is usually characterised by degeneration of the tendon if the tissue is ever examined following surgical removal. This degeneration is a breakdown in the tendon, characterised by small, focal lesions within the tendon without an inflammatory response. The degeneration means that the tendon does not possess its normal tensile strength and is liable to further damage or rupture with continued sporting activity. Apart from sporting overuse, this condition is also associated with ageing. As we get older, our ability to regenerate damaged tissue decreases and the quality of the tendon deteriorates, as does it’s flexibility.

Jumpers Knee Signs & Symptoms

Patella Tendinopathy usually comes on gradually. There is pain in the tendon which is worsened by activity. The focal areas of degeneration feel tender to touch. Often the tendon feels very stiff first thing in the morning and can "warm up" as you start movement, only to cease up again if you sit for any length of time. The affected tendon may appear thickened in comparison to the unaffected side.

Jumpers Knee Treatment

Patellar Tendinopathy is usually degenerative, and infrequently due to an inflammatory response. Therefore, the use of anti-inflammatory medication (NSAIDs ) is not appropriate. The action of the NSAIDs can actually be counter-productive, as these drugs inhibit the action of naturally occurring chemicals that mediate a healing response, thus dulling the body's ability to regenerate the damaged tissue. Ice Packs can be applied for periods of twenty minutes every couple of hours (never apply ice directly to the skin as it can cause an ice burn).

Early recognition by a doctor or Chartered Physiotherapist helps greatly, because the outcome is better if treatment is initiated early. In minor cases of Patella Tendinopathy, a Patella Tendon Strap can be effective in relieving symptoms by reducing the cross sectional area of the tendon, the pressure applied by the Patella Tendon strap prevents maximal force being transmitted through the tendon. This reduces the strain on the Patella Tendon and helps to alleviate pain and symptoms.

The key to fully recovering from Patellar Tendinopathy is in trying to elicit a healing response without overloading the tendon. This may require rest from sporting activities for up to three months. This is because the collagen tissue, which the body produces to repair the tissue damage, takes three months to lay down and mature. This process may be assisted by treatments that increase the temperature of the tendon, increasing the metabolic activity and thus the healing process in the tendon.

As the tendon is healing, a Chartered Physiotherapist may gently mobilise the soft tissue by providing gentle stress, to help the tendon to adapt and gain tensile strength. Running, jumping and impact activities should be avoided as they can make the knee pain worse. Pool running using a Buoyancy Aid and exercises in water are an excellent method of maintaining cardiovascular fitness without aggravating the injury.

Research has suggested that recovery is optimised by using a programme that uses what is called 'eccentric muscle work'. Eccentric muscle work refers to a muscle that is lengthening while contracting - a contraction that occurs during movements such as landing and decelerating. Maximal tension is generated in the muscle during the eccentric contraction and this causes the tendon to adapt and get stronger so that a return to jumping activities can be made.

Eccentric Strengthening Program

In persistent cases of Patella Tendinopathy, an injection of Aprotinin around the tendon may help to prevent further tendon degeneration. Aprotinin is a protein which inhibits the enzyme 'Metalloprotease' that breaks down protein that makes up tendon tissue. This drug is useful as it has been shown that in tendinopathies there is an imbalance between different types of Metalloprotease, and Aprotinin addresses this imbalance. Also, Aprotinin does not have the serious side effects of corticosteroids, and, if necessary, can be injected several times.

Another approach, which is currently being pioneered in Scandinavia, is based on the theory that new blood vessels growing into the diseased tendon are the source of pain. The treatment, which has shown very promising results from the initial studies, is to inject a 'Sclerosant' drug into these blood vessels under the control of an ultrasound scanner which shows the blood vessels. Sclerosant drugs destroy the new blood vessels and hence the proposed source of pain. However, if there is tendon degeneration there may still be a mechanical weakness in the tendon, so there is a lot of research yet to be done on this approach.

In severe cases of Patella Tendinopathy, which have failed to respond to six months of supervised rehabilitation with a chartered physiotherapist, then surgery should be considered. However, this is very much a last resort because the success of surgery, even with the best surgeons, is not 100%.

Surgery involves removing degenerate tendon tissue and trying to restore a tendon to a good level of tensile strength. This means that following surgery the tendon still doesn't have its normal strength and careful rehabilitation is essential. The eccentric program under the supervision of a chartered physiotherapist is indicated. As mentioned earlier, the slow rate of collagen tissue production means that it takes three months to produce new healthy tendon tissue and at least six months before a return to sporting activities can be resumed.

Jumpers Knee Prevention

Training errors should be avoided. The intensity, duration and frequency of training should be carefully monitored and gradually progressed, and sudden increases avoided. Muscle strength and flexibility should be maintained through regular strengthening and stretching sessions. The surface should be appropriate to the sport andand softer ground such as grass to be implemented as much as possible. It is important to wear the correct footwear. Shock Absorbing Insoles can be helpful, as they reduce the stress on the Patella Tendon during running.

We'd like to thank Professor Nicola Maffulli for his contribution to this article.




Ultimate Performance Patella Knee Strap - Osgood Schlatters Knee Support - Jumper's & Runner's Knee

£8.48 inc VAT

The Ultimate Patella Strap relieves patella tendon pain by applying compression where it is needed most.
More Details

Ultimate Performance Patella Knee Strap - Osgood Schlatters Knee Support - Jumper's & Runner's Knee has a rating of 5.0 stars from 12 reviews (12 reviews)

Selected options in stock

Quantity

Ultimate Performance Runners Knee Strap - ITB Knee Band Support - Jumper's Knee Pain Relief

£14.99 inc VAT

The Ultimate ITB Strap provides effective relief against pain outside the knee associated with iliotibial band syndrome.
More Details

Ultimate Performance Runners Knee Strap - ITB Knee Band Support - Jumper's Knee Pain Relief has a rating of 4.0 stars from 3 reviews (3 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Elite Water Swimming Aid Noodles x18 (x6 of each colour)

£51.41 inc VAT

The foam water noodles are ideal for rehabilitation and therapy exercises and also great for kids to use too.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Instant Ice Pack - Mouldable Pouch for Pain Relief of Sports Injuries - Single Use

From £0.75 inc VAT     1+ £1.99 each
    6+ £1.69 each (Save 15%)
  12+ £1.19 each (Save 40%)
  24+ £0.95 each (Save 52%)
  50+ £0.75 each (Save 62%)

A mouldable pack that becomes an instant, single use ice pack, without the need for refrigeration.
More Details

PhysioRoom Instant Ice Pack - Mouldable Pouch for Pain Relief of Sports Injuries - Single Use has a rating of 5.0 stars from 22 reviews (22 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Physicool Cooling Bandage + Bottle of Recharging Coolant - Injury Pain Relief - Reduce Swelling & Inflammation

£14.99 inc VAT

The Physicool combination pack supplies you with one specially formulated cooling bandage and one bottle of recharging coolant which will rejuvenate and refresh the dressing. Small and compact this kit is ideal for wrist, elbow and ankle injuries providing between 2-3 hours of cold therapy and compression.
More Details

Physicool Cooling Bandage + Bottle of Recharging Coolant - Injury Pain Relief - Reduce Swelling & Inflammation has a rating of 5.0 stars from 6 reviews (6 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Physicool Cooling Bandage - 12cm x 3m - Cold Therapy Bandage - Pain Relief for Sports Injury - Reusable

£13.00 inc VAT

Physicool is a new and unique way to instantly apply cold therapy whilst on the move, this portable and reusable compression bandage is applied quickly and easily allowing the healing process to begin immediately. By taking heat away from the body Pysicool have developed a product which differs from move traditional methods meaning it can be used for longer periods.
More Details

Physicool Cooling Bandage - 12cm x 3m - Cold Therapy Bandage - Pain Relief for Sports Injury - Reusable has a rating of 5.0 stars from 13 reviews (13 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Jumpers / Runners Knee Strap - Knee Patella Band - Osgood Schlatter's, Arthritis

£3.98 inc VAT

Superb value adjustable knee strap to relieve the symptoms of Patella Tendonitis (Tendinopathy), Jumpers Knee and Osgood Schlatters.
More Details

PhysioRoom Jumpers / Runners Knee Strap - Knee Patella Band - Osgood Schlatter's, Arthritis has a rating of 5.0 stars from 56 reviews (56 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Ultimate Performance Patella Tendon Knee Support - Wrap Around Compression for Runners Knee - Pain Relief

£19.98 inc VAT

The three way compression provided by this strap gives relief against numerous knee complaints including arthritis, patella tendon pain and runner's knee.
More Details

Ultimate Performance Patella Tendon Knee Support - Wrap Around Compression for Runners Knee - Pain Relief has a rating of 4.5 stars from 24 reviews (24 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Patella Knee Strap - Pain Relief for Osgood Schlatters - Knee Band Support for Jumper's Knee

£6.48 inc VAT

The patella strap is a high quality adjustable knee strap that has been designed to help provide relief from the symptoms of patella tendonitis (jumpers knee) and osgood schlatters disease.
More Details

PhysioRoom Patella Knee Strap - Pain Relief for Osgood Schlatters - Knee Band Support for Jumper's Knee has a rating of 4.5 stars from 40 reviews (40 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Sport Knee Support - Runner's Knee & Jumper's Knee Pain Relief - Patella Strap

£8.99 inc VAT

The compression provided by this strap gives relief against numerous knee complaints including arthritis, patella tendon pain and runner's knee.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Resistance Exercise Band

£3.24 inc VAT

Latex Bands provide light, medium to heavy resistance during training exercises and are designed for increasing strengthening exercises during rehab and sports training. 99.99% free from latex allergens.
More Details

PhysioRoom Resistance Exercise Band has a rating of 5.0 stars from 11 reviews (11 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Water Floatation Belt

£11.99 inc VAT

The Water Floatation Belt is ideal for early non weight bearing cardiovascular training as its design allows the user to run in the pool without putting stress through their injury. It is perfect following injuries such as fractures and stress fractures, knee ligament injuries, sprained ankle or swollen ankle, as well as following knee surgery and ankle surgery once the wounds are sufficiently healed.
More Details

PhysioRoom Water Floatation Belt has a rating of 5.0 stars from 13 reviews (13 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Resistance Band Exercise Loop

£1.49 inc VAT

These multi-coloured tubes provide four levels of resistance, ideal for progressing strengthening exercises.
More Details

PhysioRoom Resistance Band Exercise Loop has a rating of 5.0 stars from 28 reviews (28 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom 5.5m x 15cm Resistance Band Box - Choose between 5 Levels Of Resistance

£6.98 inc VAT

Latex Bands provide light, medium to heavy resistance during training exercises and are designed for increasing strengthening exercises during rehab and sports training.
More Details

PhysioRoom 5.5m x 15cm Resistance Band Box - Choose between 5 Levels Of Resistance has a rating of 5.0 stars from 25 reviews (25 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Ankle and Wrist Weights x2 1 Pound

£6.48 inc VAT

The PhysioRoom.com Ankle and Wrist Weights each weigh one pound and feature a soft, terrycloth fabric on the inside to ensure a very comfortable fit.
More Details

PhysioRoom Ankle and Wrist Weights x2 1 Pound has a rating of 5.0 stars from 5 reviews (5 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Elite Water Swimming Aid Noodles x3 (Red, Green and Blue)

£12.67 inc VAT

The Elite Water Swimming Aid Noodles are made from lightweight, buoyant foam and are ideal for using as floating and buoyancy devices. The water noodles are also ideal for rehabilitation exercises.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Elite Water Swimming Aid Noodles x6 (x2 of each colour)

£17.14 inc VAT

The pack of six swimming aid noodles feature a variety of colours including x2 red, x2 green and x2 blue and are made from buoyant and lightweight foam.
More Details

PhysioRoom Elite Water Swimming Aid Noodles x6 (x2 of each colour) has a rating of 5.0 stars from 1 reviews (1 review)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Elite Water Swimming Aid Noodles x9 (x3 of each colour)

£25.70 inc VAT

The water noodles can be used as floating and buoyancy aids and are also ideal for rehab and therapy exercises.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom 5.5mx15cm Resistance Bands All Strengths 5 Boxes

£43.85 inc VAT

This resistance exercise band pack features five boxes each of which has varying levels of resistance. Each latex band measures 5.5mx15cm and can be cut accordingly to suit your preference. Latex bands provide light, medium to heavy resistance during exercise and are specifically designed to increase strength during rehab and sports training.
More Details

PhysioRoom 5.5mx15cm Resistance Bands All Strengths 5 Boxes has a rating of 5.0 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Meridius Spoband Elastic Resistance Band

£6.32 inc VAT

The Meridius Spoband is a long-lasting resistance band with a difference. This elasticated resistance band can be used for muscle toning, posture correction, weight loss, exercise, rehabilitation and popular activities like yoga and pilates.
More Details

Selected options in stock

Quantity

Meridius Spoband Elastic Resistance Band - Orange - 100x2.5cm

£13.95 inc VAT

Meridius Spoband is a long-lasting resistance band with a difference. This elasticated resistance band can be used for muscle toning, posture correction, weight loss, exercise, rehabilitation and popular activities like yoga and pilates.
More Details

In Stock

Quantity

Noene 4mm Shock Absorbing Heel Pads

£9.49 inc VAT Was £11.71 Save £2.22 (19% OFF)

Durable 4mm shock absorbing heel pads, with excellent 36 month life expectancy. Designed to wear under existing insole.
More Details

Noene 4mm Shock Absorbing Heel Pads has a rating of 4.5 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Mueller Arch Support Foot Strap - Plantar Fasciitis Foot Support - Foot Pain Relief

£12.98 inc VAT

An arch support designed to relieve foot pain caused by plantar fasciitis.
More Details

Mueller Arch Support Foot Strap - Plantar Fasciitis Foot Support - Foot Pain Relief has a rating of 4.0 stars from 7 reviews (7 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Spenco Ironman Performance Gel Heel Cushions

£9.98 inc VAT

The Ironman performance gel heel cushions have been specifically designed to disperse the impact at heel strike ensuring that running and jumping is more comfortable.
More Details

Spenco Ironman Performance Gel Heel Cushions has a rating of 5.0 stars from 20 reviews (20 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Spenco Ironman Performance Gel Heel Cup ( 2 sizes )

£10.49 inc VAT


More Details

Spenco Ironman Performance Gel Heel Cup ( 2 sizes ) has a rating of 4.0 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Spenco Earthbound Replacement Insoles

£5.86 inc VAT Was £29.99 Save £24.13 (80% OFF)

Maximum-comfort insoles providing full foot support. Perfect for hiking and many other outdoor activities.
More Details

Spenco Earthbound Replacement Insoles has a rating of 4.5 stars from 6 reviews (6 reviews)

Selected options in stock

Quantity

Spenco RX Full Length Arch Cushioning

£19.99 inc VAT


More Details

Spenco RX Full Length Arch Cushioning has a rating of 5.0 stars from 15 reviews (15 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Spenco RX Heel Cushions

£7.99 inc VAT


More Details

Spenco RX Heel Cushions has a rating of 3.0 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

Selected options in stock

Quantity

Spenco Ironman Total Support Thin Insoles

£28.99 inc VAT

These inserts are thinner and lighter than the original Ironman Total Support insoles whilst still offering the same level of foot support and protection.
More Details

Spenco Ironman Total Support Thin Insoles has a rating of 5.0 stars from 2 reviews (2 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Spenco Ironman Total Support Max Insoles

£25.99 inc VAT

These inserts have a more rigid foot stability cradle which provides advanced arch support when compared to the original Ironman Total Support insoles. Featuring a number of benefits the insoles have been designed for athletes who like to participate in a number of different sporting activities.
More Details

Spenco Ironman Total Support Max Insoles has a rating of 5.0 stars from 10 reviews (10 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Sorbo RX Sorboair Insole

£5.02 inc VAT

The SorboAir Insoles are amongst the latest in a new range of tailored insoles designed to improve foot biomechanics and increase comfort.
More Details

Selected options in stock

Quantity

Sorbo RX Ultra Orthotic Arch Insole with Inserts

£10.19 inc VAT Was £15.50 Save £5.31 (34% OFF)

The Ultra Orthotic Arch Insoles offer support and stability to those with a medium or high arch.
More Details

Sorbo RX Ultra Orthotic Arch Insole with Inserts has a rating of 4.5 stars from 10 reviews (10 reviews)

Selected options in stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom EVA 3/4 Length Insoles

£1.98 inc VAT

The EVA 3/4 length insoles provide firm arch support, and have been specifically designed for flat, low or fallen arches.
More Details

PhysioRoom EVA 3/4 Length Insoles has a rating of 5.0 stars from 6 reviews (6 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

PhysioRoom Gel Heel Cup Pair

£2.99 inc VAT

Featuring a dual layer construction and shock absorbing properties, these durable heel cups provide superior support and all-day comfort for your feet.
More Details

PhysioRoom Gel Heel Cup Pair has a rating of 5.0 stars from 29 reviews (29 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity

Sorbo RX Blue Heel Pad

£3.01 inc VAT

The Sorbo RX Blue Heel pad combines a 100% Gel and Poron cover to provide optimum comfort and support for those who experience regular heel pain. The RX is simply placed into the shoe around the section of the heel and can be work during daily activity or exercise. PhysioRoom.com is the exclusive seller of the Sorbo RX range in the EU.
More Details

Sorbo RX Blue Heel Pad has a rating of 5.0 stars from 1 reviews (1 review)

In Stock

Quantity

Sorbo RX Ultra Orthotic High Arch

£10.97 inc VAT Was £26.99 Save £16.02 (59% OFF)


More Details

Sorbo RX Ultra Orthotic High Arch has a rating of 4.5 stars from 4 reviews (4 reviews)

Selected options in stock

Quantity

Aircast Knee Cryo Cuff & Cooler - Reusable Cryotherapy Cuff - Reduce Knee Pain, Swelling & Inflammation

£91.99 inc VAT

Ultimate knee ice therapy. Provides 6 hours continuous cold and compression to minimise bleeding, swelling and pain.
More Details

Aircast Knee Cryo Cuff & Cooler - Reusable Cryotherapy Cuff - Reduce Knee Pain, Swelling & Inflammation has a rating of 5.0 stars from 48 reviews (48 reviews)

In Stock

Knee Cryo/Cuff Quantity

Mueller Jumpers Knee Patella Strap - Osgood Schlatter's Knee Support - Runner's Knee

£9.35 inc VAT Was £13.79 Save £4.44 (32% OFF)

Use for painful conditions such as Jumper's Knee (Patella Tendonitis) and Osgood Schlatter's disease. This self adjustable strap relieves knee pain by providing compression and support to the Patella tendon below the knee cap.
More Details

Mueller Jumpers Knee Patella Strap - Osgood Schlatter's Knee Support - Runner's Knee has a rating of 5.0 stars from 6 reviews (6 reviews)

In Stock

Quantity




Knee Injuries